Sunday, January 28, 2018

Kanhangad in Kasaragod district of Kerala


Kanhangad is city located in Kasaragod district (Northernmost district & important border district) of Kerala. The city is well connected with road, State Highway 57 connects Kanhangad to Kasaragod via Bekal Fort and Chandragiri. National Highway 66 (formerly NH 17) connects Kanhangad with Kasaragod that connects you Mangalore Karnataka and Kannur that connects you Kozhikode, Kochi and Trivandrum of Kerala. Kasaragod was a part of South Canara, a district of the Madras Presidency of British India which later retained by Madras. Malayalam is the regional language and people also speak languages like Konkani, Tamil, Kannada and Tulu.


History and Importance
  • Kanhangad played a vital role when Vijayanagara kings invaded Kumbala and Tulunadu in 1345. In 1731 Somasekhara Naik reconstructed the Hosdurg Fort at Kanhangad.
  • Shivappa Nayaka popularly known as Keladi Shivappa Nayaka from Nayaka Community and successors of the Vijayanagara Empire in the coastal and Malnad (hill) districts of Karnataka. Having conquered the Kannada coast, he marched down to Kasargod region of modern Kerala and installed a pillar of victory at Nileshwar. The forts of Chandragiri, Bekal and Mangalore were built by Shivappa Nayaka.
  • Several thatched huts were made for the workers near the fort. A lot of thatched huts made for the shelter of workers became a slum (cheri). Gradually the land became Kottacheri. (Kotta means fort and cheri, slum)
  • A.C.Kannan Nair, Vidwan P Kelu Nair, K. Kelappan and KT Kunhiraman Nambiar are some of the popular freedom fighters from Kanhangad.
  • A grand reception arranged at Kanhangad railway station to honour Mahatma Gandhi as he passed through Kanhangad on 26 October 1929.
  • Former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru addressed a public meeting in 1957 at Hosdurg, Kanhangad now also known as Nehru Maidan or Nehru Mandap.
  • Mahakavi P. Kunhiraman Nair in Bellikoth near Kanhangad renowned Malayalam poet whose works romanticised the natural beauty of his home state of Kerala.
  • Bekal Fort served as an important military station of Tipu Sultan when he led the great military expedition to capture Malabar. The death of Tipu Sultan in Fourth Anglo-Mysore War in 1799 saw the end of Mysorean control and subsequently the fort came under the British East India Company.

 Connectivity
  • Kanhangad Railway station (Station Code KZE) is the nearest railway station for Kanhangad and it connects north to Kasaragod and Mangalore and south to Nileshwar, Payyanur, Kannur, Thalassery formerly Tellicherry, Kozhikode or Calicut, Guruvayur Thrissur, Kochi, Alleppy, Thiruvananthapuram and neighboring states like Tamil Nadu.
  • Private Buses and KSRTC buses plying in the city connects to surrounding areas or cities.
  • Mangalore Airport and Kozhikode Airport are the nearest airport for the city. Kannur airport is proposed and once it start functioning then Mangalore Airport and Kannur airport will be the nearest airport. 

Places to Visit in Kanhangad 

Hosdurg Fort: In 1731 Somasekhara Naik in Karnataka reconstructed the Hosdurg Fort at Kanhangad. The fort was called Hosa Durga which means new fort and gradually the place near fort became Hosdurg and people of Kanhangad calls the place Putiya Kota which means new fort.

Nithyananda Ashram - Cave Temple: Temple of Sri Bhagawan Nityananda of Ganeshpuri is located near Hosdurg Fort of Hosdurg Kanhangad. It is believed that there is mystery cave near the entrance of Hosdurg Fort where Swami Nithyananda used to go his Ashram in Mumbai. But, visitors can go Nithyanand Ashram and visit the cave he used to meditate.

Guruvan or Guruvanam Kanhangad: Guruvan is the place were Swami Nithyananda did Tapas (meditation) for several years. It is located at Arayil palam 5 km east of Kanhangad town. Sri Bhagawan Nityananda used to meditate here and from rocky hills he created holy stream Papanasini Ganga.

Anandashram Kanhangad: Ashram founded by Swami Ramdas and Mother Krishnabai, also called Papa Ramdas and Pujya Mataji, at Kanhangad, South India in 1931. Anandashram is located at a mavungal junction on the national highway. Manjapati hill near Anandashram is tourist attraction in this spot. Once Manjapati hill Kanhangad, was covered by a thick forest in which sadhus and sanyasi used to meditate. There are three Samadhi Mandirs in Anandashram – of Beloved Papa, of Pujya Mataji, and of Swami Sachidananda. These are situated to the left of the main gate.

Bekal Fort: One of the historic Fort in Kasaragod district of Kerala. Fort was built especially for fulfilling defence requirements. The holes on the outer walls of the fort are specially designed to defend the fort effectively. The fort is built by Shivappa Nayaka of Ikkeri dynasty, popularly known as Keladi Shivappa Nayak. Bombay movie famous song Uyire Uyire Song give you superb view of the fort and beach. 

Chandragiri Fort: The fort has an eventful history where the river Chandragiri was considered to be the border of two powerful kingdoms - Kolathunadu and Thulunadu. When Thulunadu was captured by the Vijayanagara Empire, the Kolathunadu kings lost the Chandragiri region to them. Later Shivappa Nayaka took over the reins. He built a chain of forts of which Chandragiri is part.

Madhur Temple Kasaragod: Sree Madanantheswara Sidhivinayaka Temple on the banks of Madhuvahini River is a famous Lord Shiva and Ganapathy temple.

Famous Temples in Kanhangad
  • Mathoth Shri Vishnu Temple, Kanhangad South
  • Karpooreswara Temple Hosdurg Kanhangad
  • Laxmi Venkateshwara Temple Hosdurg Kanhangad
  • Mariyamma Temple Hosdurg Kanhangad
  • Sre Krishna Mandir Hosdurg Kanhangad
  • Sree Subrahmanya Swami Temple Near Chinmaya Vidyalaya, Athiyambur Kanhangad
  • Sri Madiyan Koolom Temple Madiyan Kanhangad
  • Mukhyaprana Temple of Hanuman Bekal, Kanhangad
  • Sree Madanantheswara Sidhivinayaka Temple Madhur Kasaragod
  • Trikkanad Temple near Bekal

Backwaters and Beaches in Kanhangad
  • Hosdurg Beach: The beach is located around 5 Km from Sri Bhagawan Nityananda Ashram.
  • Pallikere Beach: The beach is located near Bekal fort and it is 1 Km from Bekal Fort. There are entertainment park for kids where animals like Horse and Camel are available and also entertainment like Kids Rollercoaster, Dancing Chair etc available. It is a good spot for spending an evening with family.
  • Valiyaparamba backwaters: Valiyaparamba backwaters is a beautiful place to go near Bekal and you get house boat facilities and also small boats, boating to enjoy the backwaters at a leisurely pace .

Reference:


Tags: Asia, India, South India, Kerala, Kasaragod, Kanhangad, Places to Visit, Nithyananda Ashram, Guruvanam Kanhangad, Anandashram Kanhangad, Bekal Fort Kanhangad, Chandragiri Fort, Hosdurg Fort, Madhur Temple, Temples in Kanhangad, Backwaters in Kanhangad, Beaches in Kanhangad

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